Epochでリアルタイムグラフを描く | www.yoshiislandblog.net

Epochでリアルタイムグラフを描く

Epochを使って、リアルタイムに動くグラフを描いてみる。
成果物はこちら
リアルタイムグラフで遊ぶ(Epoch)

Epochとは、チャートを描くツール
https://epochjs.github.io/epoch/

色々描けるが、今回は「Real-time Line」を使って、ドロップダウンリストで作成した式を即座に反映させて描くツールを作ってみる。

CDNからEpochの読込

WordPress上で動かすため、オープンソースのCDNからEpochを読み込む
epoch-charting

<script src="http://code.jquery.com/jquery-1.10.1.min.js"></script>
<script src="http://d3js.org/d3.v3.min.js" charset="utf-8"></script>
<link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/epoch-charting@0.8.4/tests/render/css/tests.css">
<script src="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/epoch-charting@0.8.4/dist/js/epoch.min.js"></script>
<link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/epoch-charting@0.8.4/dist/css/epoch.min.css">

必要なのは、
「epoch.min.css」「epoch.min.js」「tests.css」の三つ。
minではないjsとcssもあったが、とりあえず今回はminで良い

参考: オープンソースのCDNを使って、WordPressの記事上でJavascriptを動かす(jsDelivr)

Epochの基本

var nextTime = (function() {
  var currentTime = parseInt(new Date().getTime() / 1000);
  return function() { return currentTime++; 
}})();

基本は、横軸は時間として、yに好きな値を入れてpushする

chart.push([
    { time: time, y: blueval2},
    { time: time, y: redval2},
    { time: time, y: greenval2}
]);

chartの変数に何が入っているかというと、
チャートをどのように描くか、データの中身(data変数で定義)などが入っている

var chart = $('#testId .epoch').epoch({
    type: 'time.line',
    data: data,
    axes: ['right', 'bottom']
});

data変数の中には、このように定義されている

var data = [
        {label: 'A', values: []},
        {label: 'B', values: []},
        {label: 'C', values: []}
    ],
    length = 400,
    nextIndex = length,
    playing = false,
    interval = null;

成果物はこちら
リアルタイムグラフで遊ぶ(Epoch)

フルコードは以下。かなり冗長になってしまった、、

<html>
  <head>
    <title>EpochTest</title>
    <script src="http://code.jquery.com/jquery-1.10.1.min.js"></script>
    <script src="http://d3js.org/d3.v3.min.js" charset="utf-8"></script>
    <link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/epoch-charting@0.8.4/tests/render/css/tests.css">
    <script src="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/epoch-charting@0.8.4/dist/js/epoch.min.js"></script>
    <link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/epoch-charting@0.8.4/dist/css/epoch.min.css">
  </head>

<style>
body {font-family: helvetica; }
/* Default test chart height of 220px. */
.test .epoch {height: 220px; }
.broken {color: red; }
#testId .epoch .a .line { stroke: blue; }
#testId .epoch .b .line { stroke: red; }
#testId .epoch .c .line { stroke: green;  }
</style>


<div id="testId" class="test">
    <p>
    <div class="epoch"></div>
    <button class="playback" style="width:200px; height="20px">Play</button>
    </p>

    <p>
        <h2>Control</h2>
        <button class="toggle" data-index="0">Blue</button> <button class="toggle" data-index="1">Red</button> <button class="toggle" data-index="2">Green</button> <br><br>
    </p>

    <p>
        <h2>Index Number</h2>
        index number: <label id="indexno">0</label>
    </p>

    <p>
        <h2>Customize</h2>
        <h3>Blue</h3>
        <div style='border: 1px solid; padding:5px; display:inline-flex'>
        Blue= index number
        <form id='blue' style='display: inline-flex'>
        <select id='blue1'>
          <option value='1'>+</option>
          <option value='2'>-</option>
          <option value='3' selected>*</option>
          <option value='4'>/</option>
        </select>
        <select id='blue2'>
          <option value='1' selected>0</option>
          <option value='2'>1</option>
          <option value='3'>2</option>
          <option value='4'>3</option>
          <option value='5'>4</option>
          <option value='6'>5</option>
          <option value='7'>6</option>
          <option value='8'>7</option>
          <option value='9'>8</option>
          <option value='10'>9</option>
          <option value='11'>sin(index number)</option>
          <option value='12'>cos(index number)</option>
          <option value='13'>PI</option>
          <option value='14'>random</option>
        </select>
        <select id='blue3'>
          <option value='1' selected>+</option>
          <option value='2'>-</option>
          <option value='3'>*</option>
          <option value='4'>/</option>
        </select>
        <select id='blue4'>
          <option value='1'>0</option>
          <option value='2' selected>1</option>
          <option value='3'>2</option>
          <option value='4'>3</option>
          <option value='5'>4</option>
          <option value='6'>5</option>
          <option value='7'>6</option>
          <option value='8'>7</option>
          <option value='9'>8</option>
          <option value='10'>9</option>
          <option value='11'>sin(index number)</option>
          <option value='12'>cos(index number)</option>
          <option value='13'>PI</option>
          <option value='14'>random</option>
        </select>
        </form>
        </div>

        <h3>Red</h3>
        <div style="border: 1px solid; padding:5px; display:inline-flex">
        Red= index number
        <form id='red' style='display: inline-flex'>
        <select id='red1'>
          <option value='1'>+</option>
          <option value='2'>-</option>
          <option value='3' selected>*</option>
          <option value='4'>/</option>
        </select>
        <select id='red2'>
          <option value='1' selected>0</option>
          <option value='2'>1</option>
          <option value='3'>2</option>
          <option value='4'>3</option>
          <option value='5'>4</option>
          <option value='6'>5</option>
          <option value='7'>6</option>
          <option value='8'>7</option>
          <option value='9'>8</option>
          <option value='10'>9</option>
          <option value='11'>sin(index number)</option>
          <option value='12'>cos(index number)</option>
          <option value='13'>PI</option>
          <option value='14'>random</option>
        </select>
        <select id='red3'>
          <option value='1'>+</option>
          <option value='2' selected>-</option>
          <option value='3'>*</option>
          <option value='4'>/</option>
        </select>
        <select id='red4'>
          <option value='1'>0</option>
          <option value='2'>1</option>
          <option value='3'>2</option>
          <option value='4'>3</option>
          <option value='5'>4</option>
          <option value='6'>5</option>
          <option value='7'>6</option>
          <option value='8'>7</option>
          <option value='9'>8</option>
          <option value='10'>9</option>
          <option value='11' selected>sin(index number)</option>
          <option value='12'>cos(index number)</option>
          <option value='13'>PI</option>
          <option value='14'>random</option>
        </select>
        </form>
        </div>

        <h3>Green</h3>
        <div style="border: 1px solid; padding:5px; display:inline-flex">
        Green= index number
        <form id='green' style='display: inline-flex'>
        <select id='green1'>
          <option value='1'>+</option>
          <option value='2'>-</option>
          <option value='3' selected>*</option>
          <option value='4'>/</option>
        </select>
        <select id='green2'>
          <option value='1' selected>0</option>
          <option value='2'>1</option>
          <option value='3'>2</option>
          <option value='4'>3</option>
          <option value='5'>4</option>
          <option value='6'>5</option>
          <option value='7'>6</option>
          <option value='8'>7</option>
          <option value='9'>8</option>
          <option value='10'>9</option>
          <option value='11'>sin(index number)</option>
          <option value='12'>cos(index number)</option>
          <option value='13'>PI</option>
          <option value='14'>random</option>
        </select>
        <select id='green3'>
          <option value='1' selected>+</option>
          <option value='2'>-</option>
          <option value='3'>*</option>
          <option value='4'>/</option>
        </select>
        <select id='green4'>
          <option value='1'>0</option>
          <option value='2'>1</option>
          <option value='3'>2</option>
          <option value='4'>3</option>
          <option value='5'>4</option>
          <option value='6'>5</option>
          <option value='7'>6</option>
          <option value='8'>7</option>
          <option value='9'>8</option>
          <option value='10'>9</option>
          <option value='11'>sin(index number)</option>
          <option value='12'>cos(index number)</option>
          <option value='13'>PI</option>
          <option value='14' selected>random</option>
        </select>
        </form>
        </div>
</div>



<script>
  var nextTime = (function() {
    var currentTime = parseInt(new Date().getTime() / 1000);
    return function() { return currentTime++; 
  }})();
</script>

<script>
$(function() {
    var data = [
            {label: 'A', values: []},
            {label: 'B', values: []},
            {label: 'C', values: []}
        ],
        length = 400,
        nextIndex = length,
        playing = false,
        interval = null;
    // default
    for (var i = 0; i < length; i++) {
        var x = i +1,
            time = nextTime();
        data[0].values.push({time: time, y: 0});
        data[1].values.push({time: time, y: 0});
        data[2].values.push({time: time, y: 0});
    }

    var chart = $('#testId .epoch').epoch({
        type: 'time.line',
        data: data,
        axes: ['right', 'bottom']
    });

    var pushPoint = function() {
        var x = nextIndex + 1,
            time = nextTime();


        // blue
        var blue1 = document.getElementById('blue1'),
            blue2 = document.getElementById('blue2'),
            blue3 = document.getElementById('blue3'),
            blue4 = document.getElementById('blue4');

        if (blue2.value==11) {
          var blue2val = Math.sin(x-length);
        }else if (blue2.value==12) {
          var blue2val = Math.cos(x-length);
        }else if (blue2.value==13) {
          var blue2val = Math.PI;
        }else if (blue2.value==14) {
          var blue2val = Math.random();
        }else{
          var blue2val = blue2.selectedIndex
        };

        if (blue1.value==1) {
          var blueval1 = (x-length)+blue2val;
        } else if (blue1.value==2) {
          var blueval1 = (x-length)-blue2val;
        } else if (blue1.value==3) {
          var blueval1 = (x-length)*blue2val;
        } else if (blue1.value==4) {
          var blueval1 = (x-length)/blue2val;
        }else{
          var blueval1 = 0;
        };

        if (blue4.value==11) {
          var blue4val = Math.sin(x-length);
        }else if (blue4.value==12) {
          var blue4val = Math.cos(x-length);
        }else if (blue4.value==13) {
          var blue4val = Math.PI;
        }else if (blue4.value==14) {
          var blue4val = Math.random();
        }else{
          var blue4val = blue4.selectedIndex
        };

        if (blue3.value==1) {
          var blueval2 = blueval1+blue4val;
        } else if (blue3.value==2) {
          var blueval2 = blueval1-blue4val;
        } else if (blue3.value==3) {
          var blueval2 = blueval1*blue4val;
        } else if (blue3.value==4) {
          var blueval2 = blueval1/blue4val;
        }else{
          var blueval = 0;
        };


        // red
        var red1 = document.getElementById('red1'),
            red2 = document.getElementById('red2'),
            red3 = document.getElementById('red3'),
            red4 = document.getElementById('red4');

        if (red2.value==11) {
          var red2val = Math.sin(x-length);
        }else if (red2.value==12) {
          var red2val = Math.cos(x-length);
        }else if (red2.value==13) {
          var red2val = Math.PI;
        }else if (red2.value==14) {
          var red2val = Math.random();
        }else{
          var red2val = red2.selectedIndex
        };

        if (red1.value==1) {
          var redval1 = (x-length)+red2val;
        } else if (red1.value==2) {
          var redval1 = (x-length)-red2val;
        } else if (red1.value==3) {
          var redval1 = (x-length)*red2val;
        } else if (red1.value==4) {
          var redval1 = (x-length)/red2val;
        }else{
          var redval1 = 0;
        };

        if (red4.value==11) {
          var red4val = Math.sin(x-length);
        }else if (red4.value==12) {
          var red4val = Math.cos(x-length);
        }else if (red4.value==13) {
          var red4val = Math.PI;
        }else if (red4.value==14) {
          var red4val = Math.random();
        }else{
          var red4val = red4.selectedIndex
        };

        if (red3.value==1) {
          var redval2 = redval1+red4val;
        } else if (red3.value==2) {
          var redval2 = redval1-red4val;
        } else if (red3.value==3) {
          var redval2 = redval1*red4val;
        } else if (red3.value==4) {
          var redval2 = redval1/red4val;
        }else{
          var redval = 0;
        };


        // green
        var green1 = document.getElementById('green1'),
            green2 = document.getElementById('green2'),
            green3 = document.getElementById('green3'),
            green4 = document.getElementById('green4');

        if (green2.value==11) {
          var green2val = Math.sin(x-length);
        }else if (green2.value==12) {
          var green2val = Math.cos(x-length);
        }else if (green2.value==13) {
          var green2val = Math.PI;
        }else if (green2.value==14) {
          var green2val = Math.random();
        }else{
          var green2val = green2.selectedIndex
        };

        if (green1.value==1) {
          var greenval1 = (x-length)+green2val;
        } else if (green1.value==2) {
          var greenval1 = (x-length)-green2val;
        } else if (green1.value==3) {
          var greenval1 = (x-length)*green2val;
        } else if (green1.value==4) {
          var greenval1 = (x-length)/green2val;
        }else{
          var greenval1 = 0;
        };

        if (green4.value==11) {
          var green4val = Math.sin(x-length);
        }else if (green4.value==12) {
          var green4val = Math.cos(x-length);
        }else if (green4.value==13) {
          var green4val = Math.PI;
        }else if (green4.value==14) {
          var green4val = Math.random();
        }else{
          var green4val = green4.selectedIndex
        };

        if (green3.value==1) {
          var greenval2 = greenval1+green4val;
        } else if (green3.value==2) {
          var greenval2 = greenval1-green4val;
        } else if (green3.value==3) {
          var greenval2 = greenval1*green4val;
        } else if (green3.value==4) {
          var greenval2 = greenval1/green4val;
        }else{
          var greenval = 0;
        };


        chart.push([
            { time: time, y: blueval2},
            { time: time, y: redval2},
            { time: time, y: greenval2}
        ]);
        document.getElementById('indexno').innerHTML=x-length;
        nextIndex++;
    };

    $('#testId button.toggle').click(function(e) {
        var index = parseInt($(e.target).attr('data-index'));
        chart.toggleLayer(index);
    });

    $('#testId button.playback').on('click', function(e) {
        if (playing) {
            $(e.target).text('Play');
            clearInterval(interval);
        }
        else {
            $(e.target).text('Pause');
            interval = setInterval(pushPoint, 1000);
            pushPoint();
        }
        playing = !playing;
    });
});
</script>
  </body>
</html>

成果物はこちら
リアルタイムグラフで遊ぶ(Epoch)

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